Several studies have been conducted on Dr. Covington's materials. These articles provide evidence as to the effectiveness of her curricula. Some of her curricula are listed on several lists of evidence-based practices, including;

Research Articles 

Click title to download printable pdf format of research paper

Nena P. Messina & William Burdon. (2017).  Moving Beyond Violence: Results.  Report to California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR).  (Research in men's prison on Exploring Trauma)

Gina Fedock, Sheryl P. Kubiak, and Deborah Bybee.  (April 26, 2017).  "Testing a New Intervention With Incarcerated Women Serving Life Sentences."  Research on Social Work Practice, DOI: 10.1177/1049731517700272. (Research in women's prison)

Sheryl P. Kubiak, Gina Fedock, Deborah Bybee and Woo Jon Kim.  (Winter 2016).  "Long-term Outcomes of a RCT Intervention Study for Women with Violent Crimes."  Journal of the Society of Social Work and Research.

Linda Frisman & Aili Cordova Arisco.  (September 30, 2016).  Evaluation Report: Exploring Trauma.  Connecticut Women's Consortium. (Research in residential and criminal justice settings). 

Nena P. Pmessina, Jeremy Braithwaite, Stacy Calhoun, and Sheryl Kubiak.  (September 2016).  "Examination of a Violence Prevention Program for Female Offenders".  Violence and Gender Journal.  3(3), 143-149. (Research in women's prison)

Renée Gobeil, Kelley Blanchette, and Lynn Stewart. (March 2016). "A Meta-Analytic Review of Correctional Interventions for Women Offenders: Gender-Neutral versus Gender-Informed Approaches." Criminal Justice and Behavior, DOI 10.1177/0093854815621100.  (Research in women's prison)

Preeta Saxena, Christine E. Grella & Nena P. Messina (October 2015): Continuing Care and Trauma in Women Offenders’ Substance Use, Psychiatric Status, and Self-Efficacy OutcomesWomen & Criminal Justice, ISSN: 0897-4454 print/1541-0323 online.  (Research in a women’s prison)

Linda Frisman.  (June 1, 2015). Healing Trauma Evaluation Triannual Progress Report.  Connecticut Women's Consortium. (Research in women's prison and community groups)

Gina Fedock (2015). Women Coping with Life: A Mixed Methods Study of Incarcerated Women with Life Sentences. Doctoral dissertation, Chapter 5. (Research in women's prison)

Nena P. Messina.  (2014).  Beyond Violence, Final Report, CDCR Cooperative Agreement No. 5600004087.  Sacramento, CA:  California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.  (Research in a women's prison)

Sheryl Pimlott Kubiak, Woo Jong Kim, Gina Fedock, & Deborah Bybee. (2014). “Testing a Violence-Prevention Intervention for Incarcerated Women Using a Randomized Control Trial.Research on Social Work Practice.  DOI: 10.1177/10497315143534300.  (Research in a women’s prison, please contact S.P. Kubiak at or Dr. Covington's office at for more information)

Nena P. Messina, Stacy Calhoun, & Jeremy Braithwaite. (2014). Trauma-informed treatment decreases posttraumatic stress disorder among women offenders. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 15(1), 6-23. DOI: 10.1080/15299732.2013.818609. PMID: 24377969  PMCID: PMC3877926   NIHMSID # 509767 (Research in a women's prison)

Preeta Saxena, Nena P. Messina, & Christine E. Grella.  (April 2014).  "Who Benefits from Gender-Responsive Treatment? Accounting for Abuse History on Longitudinal Outcomes for Women in Prison.Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 41, No. 4, 417-432.  (Research in a women's prison, please contact Dr. Covington's office at for more information)

Sheryl Pimlott Kubiak, Gina Fedock, Elizabeth Tillander, Woo Jong Kim, & Deborah Bybee. (2014).  “Assessing the feasibility and fidelity of an intervention for women with violent offenses.Evaluation and Program Planning, 42, 1-10. (Research in a women’s prison)

Sheryl Kubiak. (August 2013).  Evaluation of Specialized Substance Abuse Treatment Services for Women: Report of Long-term Outcomes.  Lansing, MI:  Michigan Department of Corrections.  (Research in a women's prison)

J. Hawke.  (Summer 2013).  "Evaluation of a Five Session Trauma Treatment Model For Women."  Trauma Matters.  Connecticut Women’s Consortium and the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services in support of the Connecticut Trauma Initiative.  (Research on justice-involved women)

Oklahoma Department of Corrections, Evaluation and Analysis Unit.  (March 22, 2013).  Helping Women Recover/Beyond Trauma: Program Effects on Offender Criminal Thinking, Psychological Adjustment, and Social Functioning. (Research in a women’s prison)

Christine E. Grella, Katherine Lovinger and Umme S. Warda.  (January 3, 2013).  “Relationships Among Trauma Exposure, Familial Characteristics, and PTSD: A Case-Control Study of Women in Prison and in the General Population.Women in the Criminal Justice, 23:1, 63-79. (Research in a women’s prison)

Nena Messina, Stacy Calhoun, & Umme Warda.  (December 2012). "Gender-Responsive Drug Court Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial."  Criminal Justice and Behavior, Volume 39, Issue 12, pp. 1536 - 1555.  (Research in drug court, please contact Dr. Covington's office at for more information)

Sheryl Kubiak, Woo Jong Kim, Gina Fedock, & Deborah Bybee.  (2012).  “Assessing Short-Term Outcomes of an Intervention for Women Convicted of Violence Crimes. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research, 3(3), 197-212. (Research in a women’s prison)

Sheryl Kubiak.  (2012).  Evaluation of Specialied Substance Abuse Treatment Services for Women:  Short-term Outcomes of Group Comparison Study.  Lansing, MI:  Michigan Department of Corrections. (Research in drug court, please contact Dr. Covington's office at for more information)

Stacy Calhoun, Nena Messina, Jerome Cartier, and Stephanie Torres. (December 2010). "Implementing Gender-Responsive Treatment for Women in Prison: Client and Staff Perspectives." Federal Probation, Volume 74, Issue 3, Pages 27-33. (Research in a women's prison)

Stacy Calhoun, Nena Messina, Jerome Cartier, & Stephanie Torres. (December 2010).  "Gender-Responsive Treatment for Women in a Prison Setting: Client and Staff Perspectives."  Federal Probation, Volume 74, Issue 3, Pages 27-33. (Research in a women’s prison)

Nena Messina, Christine E. Grella, Jerry Cartier, & Stephanie Torres.  (March 2010).  "A Randomized Experimental Study of Gender-Responsive Substance Abuse Treatment for Women in Prison."  Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Volume 38, No. 2, 97–107.   (Research in a women’s prison)

Kimberly Bond, Nena Messina, & Stacy Calhoun. (2010). Enhancing substance abuse treatment and HIV prevention for women offenders: Final report (Report to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Grant No. 1 R01 DA022149-01). Unpublished manuscript. (Research in drug court)

Stephanie S. Covington.  (November 2008).  "Women and Addiction: A Trauma-Informed Approach." Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, SARC Supplement 5, 377-385. (Foundational information)

Stephanie S. Covington, Cynthia Burke, Sandy Keaton, & Candice Norcott.  (November 2008).  "Evaluation of a Trauma-Informed and Gender-Responsive Intervention for Women in Drug Treatment." Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, Supplement 5, 387-398. (Research in residential treatment)


Both Helping Women Recover and Beyond Trauma are listed on the SAMSHA-sponsored National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP). The summary is available on the NREPP web site here. The Voices participant’s journal utilizes a research-based process called Interactive Journaling ® which is also listed on NREPP web site. Beyond Violence is currently under review with NREPP.


Helping Women Recover and Beyond Trauma are also listed on the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare (CEBC) website.  The primary goal of the CEBC Program Registry is to provide a searchable database of programs that can be utilized by professionals that serve children and families involved with the child welfare system.

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